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Mission and Vision.
Spindletop History. Despite the negative reports from contemporary geologists, Lucas remained convinced that oil was in the salt domes of the Gulf Coast. A new age was born. Many of the major oil companies were born at Spindletop or grew to major corporate size as a result of their involvement at Spindletop. Some parts of the salt dome cavities were being developed as storage facilities for petroleum products.
About Gladys City. Additional deposits were found in the Midway Eocene formations in Over , barrels of oil had been produced from the Spindletop fields by Follow us on. He wanted a city that would be an "industrial utopia.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Southeast Texas economy, like that of most of the South, relied on subsistence agriculture, but cattle ranching and the lumber business were also important. Storage facilities, pipelines, and major refining units were built in the Beaumont, Port Arthur, Sabine Pass, and Orange areas around Spindletop.
Nonetheless, Lucas pressed ahead in his effort to vindicate his theories.
Large ranches sent cattle to New Orleans, and mills in Beaumont and Orange produced lumber for shipment to the rest of America and overseas. It was not the model town that Patillo Higgins had planned but it was one of the tamer parts of the oil field. The old field continued in the s to yield very limited oil production in the form of stripper wells and salt brine production. In commemoration of the importance of the development of Spindletop oilfield, a Texas pink granite monument was erected in near the site of the Lucas gusher. Plan Your Visit.
Much of the Guffey and Galey support was financed in turn by the Mellon interest; their terms excluded Higgins and left Lucas with only a small share of the potential profits. On January 10, mud began bubbling from the hole. Spindletop Gladys City Boomtown. The Spindletop oilfield again boomed in the s, with the production of sulphur by Texas Gulf Sulphur Company later Texasgulfuntil about Salt-brine extraction became a lucrative operation in the s. The cheap fuel they found helped to revolutionize American transportation and industry.
Ways to Give. A second boom came when Marrs McLean speculated that production could be found on the flanks of the dome. Galey and Guffey played a crucial role by bringing in Al and Curt Hamill, an experienced drilling team from Corsicana.
Get Directions Mailing Address: P. Box Beaumont, TX Patillo Higgins envisioned Gladys City before drilling ever started at Spindletop. The overabundance of wells at Spindletop led to a rapid decline in production.
This and other discoveries on the flanks of the salt dome set off another speculative boom. The discovery of the Spindletop oilfield had an almost incalculable effect on world history, as well as Texas history. Southeast Texas had another resource - oil - but the amount underground remained a mystery. Within five years 60, barrels had been produced, largely from the new-found deeper Marginulin sands of the flank wells.
Eager to find similar deposits, investors spent billions of dollars throughout the Lone Star state in search of oil and natural gas. Bythere were more than Texas corporations doing business in Beaumont. Filming and Photography at Gladys City. From October to JanuaryLucas and the Hamills struggled to overcome the difficult oil sands, which had stymied drilling efforts. The Spindletop oilfield, discovered on a salt dome formation south of Beaumont in eastern Jefferson County on January 10,marked the birth of the modern petroleum industry.
Facility Rentals. In —66 even deeper oil production was achieved with an average depth of 9, feet. In the Spanish used the oil from seeps near Sabine Pass for caulking their ships, although local Indians certainly knew of oil much earlier. O'BrienGeorge W. CarrollPattillo HigginsEmma E. John, and J. Lanier, was the first company to drill on Spindletop Hill.
All Rights Reserved. The town was named after Gladys Bingham, a girl in Mr. Higgins' Sunday School class. After several minutes of quiet, mud, then gas, then oil spurted out.
A new heavier and more efficient rotary type bit was used. People knew of oil in the area for hundreds of years before any substantial production began. General Info: Department Contact. Their convictions proved correct; on November 13,the Yount-Lee Oil Company brought in a flank well drilled to 5, feet.
Alcoholic drinks were not sold in Gladys City, and it became the area where families chose to settle. To the north, settlers near Nacogdoches used seeping oil for lubricants before In the settlers at Sour Lake noticed that oil was bubbling to the surface, and after the Civil War Dick Dowling tried unsuccessfully to drill a well near there. The Gladys City Company, as well as many major oil companies, continued to reap the benefit of their involvement in the discovery of the Spindletop oilfield.
Beaumont's population rose from 10, to 50, Legal entanglements and multimillion-dollar deals became almost commonplace. The Lucas geyser, found at a depth of 1, feet, blew a stream of oil over feet high until it was capped nine days later and flowed an estimatedbarrels a day.
Miles F. Yount also believed more oil was present at deeper depths.
After the Lucas Gusher blew in, the area that was deated for Gladys City grew up quickly. By Spindletop production reached its all-time annual high of 21, barrels. By Septemberthere were at least six successful wells on Gladys City Company lands. He was also having great difficulty with the tricky sands of the salt dome. The startled roughnecks fled as six tons of four-inch drilling pipe came shooting up out of the ground.
Three shallow attempts, beginning in and using cable-tool drilling equipment were unsuccessful; Lanier and Higgins had left the company by Anthony F. Lucasthe leading United States expert on salt dome formations, made a lease with the Gladys City Company in Higgins and Lucas made a separate agreement a month later.
Lucas was able to drill to a depth of feet before running out of money. There were numerous discoveries in east and central Texas in the later years, especially at Corsicana in Wildcatters drilled at Spindletop in and and at Sour Lake in However, there was no ificant oil production along the Gulf Coast until the gusher at Spindletop in Total Texas oil production wasbarrels ina small fraction of national production 63 million barrels.
He finally secured the assistance of John H. Galey and James M. Guffey of Pittsburgh. After yielding 17, barrels of oil inthe Spindletop wells were down to 10, barrels a day in February Deposits from the shallow Miocene caprock seemed to diminish, but the Spindletop oilfield had not yet dried out. Staff and Advisory Council. Wild speculation drove land prices around Spindletop to incredible heights. Get Involved. Lucas and the Hamills finally controlled the geyser on January 19, when a huge pool of oil surrounded it, and throngs of oilmen, speculators, and onlookers had transformed the city of Beaumont.
The world had never seen such a gusher before.