Fort Lauderdalecityseat of Broward county, southeastern FloridaU. It lies along the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the New Riverabout 25 miles 40 km north of Miami. The area was originally inhabited by Tequesta Indians, although they were gone when the first recorded settlers arrived about A fort, built there in during the Seminole Wars and named for its commander, Major William Lauderdale, gave its name to the town, which was not permanently settled until about The city was laid out inand the following year the Florida East Coast Railway came through.
By Robert H. Seal of Florida.
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Much of this region is a flat grassland dominated by pastures and cattle ranches. The central highlands lie between the Suwannee Riveron the eastern side of the Tallahassee hills, and the St. Johns Riverwhich separates the highlands from the eastern coastal lowlands. Florida played a prominent role in the historic struggles of European powers to control the Americas and the Caribbean. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
Table Of Contents. Both of these regions are about the same size 40 by miles [65 by km]and both are ancient upland plains that have been dissected by streams. Give Feedback External Websites.
Print print Print. The coastal lowlands occupy roughly three-fourths of the surface and vary in width from about 10 to miles 16 to km. The capital is Tallahasseelocated in the northwestern panhandle.
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Show more Date Of Admission: March 3, Show more U. Show more. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Additional Info. Floridaconstituent state of the United States of America.
The southern portion retains much of its pre-European flavour and is protected within the confines of Everglades National Park. The Marianna lowlands constitute a small region in the northwestern panhandle, bounded on the east by the Apalachicola River and on the west by the Choctawhatchee River.
The greater part of Florida lies on a peninsula that protrudes southeastward from the North American continent, separating the waters of the Atlantic Ocean from those of the Gulf of Mexico and pointing toward Cuba and the Caribbean Sea beyond. Area 65, square milessquare km.
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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Videos Images. The state lies close to both the geographic and population centres of the Western Hemispherein a position that not only commands one entrance to the Gulf of Mexico but also overlooks a strategic crossro between North and South America and historic routes to the European and Mediterranean worlds.
Sedimentary deposits of sand and limestone cover most of the state, with areas of peat and muck marking locations where freshwater bodies once stood.
Where is the Great White Way? Where will you find the Empire State Building? Consequently, Florida has regularly ranked among the states with the fastest-growing immigrant population.
Together, they form a beautiful undulating terrain that is the most important zone for the production of field crops in Florida. Florida shares a land border with only two other states, both along its northern boundary: Georgia east and Alabama west. Full Article. The highest point is near the Alabama border in Walton county, a mere feet metres above sea level.
Florida is a geologically young, low-lying plain, mostly less than feet 30 metres above sea level.
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It was admitted as the 27th state in Florida is the most populous of the southeastern states and the second most populous Southern state after Texas. Facebook Twitter. The Kissimmee lowlands are about the size of the Lake Okeechobee—Everglades basin and include the broad valley of the Kissimmee Riverthe major source for water flowing southward to Lake Okeechobee. Subscribe Now. The Suwannee River near Chiefland, Fla.
Cypress trees in Lake Bradford, Tallahassee, Florida.
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While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The contemporary topography has been largely molded by running water, waves, ocean currents, winds, changes in sea level, and the wearing away of limestone rocks by solution. Sort out the facts and discover everything the USA has to offer. The region extends southward from the Georgia border to the area of Arcadia and Sebringa distance of some miles km ; its width varies from 50 to 75 miles 80 to km.
The Lake Okeechobee—Everglades basin and the Kissimmee lowlands are actually subdivisions of the coastal lowlands, but their uniqueness justifies separate deations.
Britannica Quiz. The region is heavily eroded and has numerous sinkholes and caves. External Websites. Learn more about Florida and its geography, people, economy, and history.
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Generally, the region is exceedingly flat and is often less than 25 feet 8 metres above sea level. Capital: Tallahassee Show more Population: 18,; est. Fast Facts. Population 18,; est.
See all media. The Marianna lowlands separate the Tallahassee hills, to the east, from the western highlands, which extend to the Alabama border on the west. Much of the area is swampy, and in the eastern part of the state numerous former beach ridges parallel one another.